Russia has provided itself with cucumbers
Tamara Reshetnikova, the general director of Growth Technology Company, says that if the Central Federal District has already reached the level of self-sufficiency and perfect competition. At the same time remote regions from the European part of Russia are very far from self-sufficiency. For example, the Urals (especially the south), Siberia, and the Far East are heavily dependent on Chinese products. This is, firstly, due to difficult logistics - there are very long distances between major cities, and secondly, due to the high cost of fuel and electricity. In addition, access to electricity is not available in all areas, and this is a serious systemic problem, which cannot be solved by returning part of the capex, she said.
According to the Doctrine of Food Security, vegetable self-sufficiency should be at least 90% - it does not divide into cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots, etc. Now the self-provision with tomatoes is about 60% and it will be difficult to reach the 90% level: the pace of construction of greenhouse complexes has slowed down because of the abolition of capex refunds and macroeconomic factors.
Tomato self-sufficiency in Russia is not yet at a high level, says Reshetnikova. Even taking into account the harvest of large complexes, opened last year, imports in 2021 will be about 400 thousand tons. In fact, it is the volume that is needed to achieve self-sufficiency, but it is still below the norm of consumption per capita. "400 thousand tons is a lot, and for such an increase in production we need to build at least 600 hectares of modern greenhouses of the fourth or fifth generation with a photoculture. To translate this into money, you need to multiply 1 hectare by at least 3.5 thousand euros. It is the very big sum", - Reshetnikova concludes.
The author of the article: Elizabeth Litvinova
The full text of the article can be found in "Agroinvestor" journal from 29.06.2021